What if the Minister of National Education included an "intellectual property" component in moral and civic education programs? This is what a member proposes. But the code of education already contains provisions on the teaching of copyright.
For many years, copyright has been the subject of heated debate, particularly on the duration of economic rights after the death of the creator, the place given to the public domain, its relation to permissive exploitation licenses (such as the Creative Commons) or its ability to adapt to uses that are born on the net or have been developed by its influence.
The fact is that intellectual property is now relatively challenged by practices – the existence of piracy is proof, even if it does not date of course the democratization of the web. Pirated copies existed long before, on diskette, on VHS or on K7. The net nevertheless gave a new power to this phenomenon, favored initially by an inadequate legal offer.
CC Dennis SkleyThis is the reality that preoccupies Grégory Besson-Moreau. In a written question addressed to Jean-Michel Blanquer, the Minister of National Education, the elected parliamentarian of the Aube and a member of the Republic in motion is attentive to the "report of young people to intellectual property", which is, in his eyes, not really favorable to the respect of the right of the authors.
It is based on a study of 2017 issued by the Office of the European Union for Intellectual Property. In it, it says "that citizens aged 15 to 24 are the most tolerant vis-à-vis counterfeiting and piracy: 15% of them admit to having intentionally bought a counterfeit product during the last twelve months.
"The magnitude of the challenge to instill in future generations an understanding and respect for intellectual property rights"
It adds that "27% admit to knowingly accessing content from illegal online sources; 41% of them find the purchase of counterfeit eligible if the price of the original is too high. It also appears from this study that the view that IP inhibits innovation is more prevalent among young people aged 15 to 24. "
For the MP, "these results show 'the magnitude of the challenge of instilling in future generations an understanding and respect for intellectual property rights'", which require going further than the "initiatives [qui] have already public and private sectors to strengthen IP education. "
According to the parliamentarian, it is therefore necessary to make an "increased pedagogical effort". He proposes to draw inspiration from foreign experiences (will we see a kind of Captain Copyright in the Hexagon, like what was tried in Canada a decade ago?), Considering integrate "an" intellectual property "component into moral and civic education programs".
CC Flickr Brad FlickingerA lesson already planned
The fact is that the code of education already includes passages providing education on the risks associated with the use of the Internet and the piracy of works.
For example, Article L312-9 provides that "training in the use of digital tools and resources is provided in schools and educational institutions […]. It includes an awareness of the rights and duties related to the use of the Internet and networks, including the protection of privacy and respect for intellectual property.
This article, classified in the section on training in the use of digital tools and resources, is in fact quite a duplicate with another excerpt of the same code, L312-6, which concerns artistic education.
It states that "students receive information about the dangers of the unlawful downloading and making available of works or objects protected by copyright or related right for artistic creation".
CC Alan LevineThe Hadopi is also mobilized
The approach undertaken by Grégory Besson-Moreau is the latest example of the idea that copyright should be promoted in schools, focusing on younger generations.
In 2011, UMP MP Muriel Marland-Militello had for example asked the then Minister of National Education to increase awareness of the actions of Hadopi and the danger of piracy. The High Authority for the dissemination of works and the protection of rights on the Internet has itself involved, via cartoons or going to the Kidexpo fair, for children from 4 to 14 years.
The cartoon approach had already been tested in 2009 with an educational video broadcast by France 5 l. Called Super Crapule, the clip featured the Hadopi as a superhero whose mission is to fight tirelessly against illegal downloading. The operation was strongly contested, forcing France 5 to back down by admitting "factual errors".
Other avenues have also been considered, but without necessarily translating concretely, whether it is a college diploma given to students who have well integrated the need for copyright, the function of graduated response. and the missions of the Hadopi, or a portal dedicated to the Internet responsible, led by the Ministry of Education, with an awareness of the laws Hadopi and Dadvsi.